Lebanon hosts second largest refugee population


Where it began...Blood and Oil: The Middle East in World War I

Jan. 07, 2015
BEIRUT: Although Pakistan continued to host the largest number of refugees worldwide at 1.6 million – virtually all Afghan – Lebanon shot up from being the 69th largest refugee-hosting country to second largest in just three and a half years, a United Nations report said Wednesday.
The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees said the largest number of new refugees between January and June 2014 was reported by Lebanon.

"With an increase of about 325,000 Syrians during the first half of the year, by mid-2014 [Lebanon's] registered refugee population passed the 1.1 million mark," it said.
UNHCR appealed for more international aid and support to help countries and local communities overwhelmed by the new arrivals.

"The economic, social and human cost of caring for refugees and the internally displaced is being borne mostly by poor communities, those who are least able to afford it," UNHCR chief Antonio Guterres said in the report.

"Enhanced international solidarity is a must if we want to avoid the risk of more and more vulnerable people being left without proper support," he said.
UNHCR said that by mid-2014, it was helping around 46 million displaced people, including 13 million refugees - the highest number since 1996.



Syrians have overtaken Afghans as the largest refugee population aside from Palestinians, fleeing to more than 100 countries to escape war in their homeland, according to the report.
At more than 3 million as of mid-2014, Syrians accounted for nearly one in four of the 13 million refugees worldwide being assisted by the U.N. refugee agency, the highest figure since 1996, the report added. Some 5 million Palestinians refugees are cared for by a separate agency, UNRWA.

"As long as the international community continues to fail to find political solutions to existing conflicts and to prevent new ones from starting, we will continue to have to deal with the dramatic humanitarian consequences,” Guterres warned.

At least 200,000 people have died and half the Syrian population has been displaced since the conflict began in March 2011 with protests that spiraled into civil war.
Worldwide, an estimated 5.5 million people were forcibly uprooted during the first six months of last year, 1.4 million of them fleeing abroad, the UNHCR said.

"At more than three million as of June 2014, Syrian refugees now account for 23 percent of all refugees being helped by UNHCR worldwide," it said.
According to the UNHCR, more than 1.4 million people were newly displaced across borders in the first half of last year, with Syrians accounting for half this number at 704,400.

The Syrian conflict has killed more than 200,000 people since March 2011 and displaced around half the country's population.
The Middle East and North Africa has become the main region of origin of refugees, overtaking the Asia and Pacific region that held the top spot for more than a decade.

Afghan refugees, the biggest group for three decades, have fallen to second place, with 2.6 million hosted by Pakistan and Iran at mid-year, it said. Somalis ranked as the third largest refugee group at 1.1 million.

Syria's neighbors - Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan and Turkey - continue to bear the brunt of the crisis.
"With 257 refugees per 1,000 inhabitants, Lebanon remains the country with the highest refugee density at mid-2014," UNHCR said, noting that Jordan ranked second.
Sweden, with 12 refugees per 1,000 inhabitants, is the only industrialized country among major hosts, ranking 10th, it said.

Syrians also formed the largest group of asylum-seekers worldwide during the first half of 2014, lodging 59,600 applications, it said. Germany and Sweden together received 40 percent of these claims, it added.
Iraqis fleeing conflict were the second largest group of asylum-seekers during the period, at 28,900, the report said.

Last year nearly 3,500 migrants perished while trying to cross the Mediterranean to reach Europe, the UNHCR says. - with agencies.

BEIRUT: Although Pakistan continued to host the largest number of refugees worldwide at 1.6 million – virtually all Afghan – Lebanon shot up from being the 69th largest refugee-hosting country to second largest in just three and a half years, a United Nations report said Wednesday.
The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees said the largest number of new refugees between January and June 2014 was reported by Lebanon.
"With an increase of about 325,000 Syrians during the first half of the year, by mid-2014 [Lebanon's] registered refugee population passed the 1.1 million mark," it said.
UNHCR appealed for more international aid and support to help countries and local communities overwhelmed by the new arrivals.
"The economic, social and human cost of caring for refugees and the internally displaced is being borne mostly by poor communities, those who are least able to afford it," UNHCR chief Antonio Guterres said in the report.
"Enhanced international solidarity is a must if we want to avoid the risk of more and more vulnerable people being left without proper support," he said.
UNHCR said that by mid-2014, it was helping around 46 million displaced people, including 13 million refugees - the highest number since 1996.
Syrians have overtaken Afghans as the largest refugee population aside from Palestinians, fleeing to more than 100 countries to escape war in their homeland, according to the report.
At more than 3 million as of mid-2014, Syrians accounted for nearly one in four of the 13 million refugees worldwide being assisted by the U.N. refugee agency, the highest figure since 1996, the report added. Some 5 million Palestinians refugees are cared for by a separate agency, UNRWA.
"As long as the international community continues to fail to find political solutions to existing conflicts and to prevent new ones from starting, we will continue to have to deal with the dramatic humanitarian consequences,” Guterres warned.
At least 200,000 people have died and half the Syrian population has been displaced since the conflict began in March 2011 with protests that spiraled into civil war.
Worldwide, an estimated 5.5 million people were forcibly uprooted during the first six months of last year, 1.4 million of them fleeing abroad, the UNHCR said.
"At more than three million as of June 2014, Syrian refugees now account for 23 percent of all refugees being helped by UNHCR worldwide," it said.
According to the UNHCR, more than 1.4 million people were newly displaced across borders in the first half of last year, with Syrians accounting for half this number at 704,400.
The Syrian conflict has killed more than 200,000 people since March 2011 and displaced around half the country's population.
The Middle East and North Africa has become the main region of origin of refugees, overtaking the Asia and Pacific region that held the top spot for more than a decade.
Afghan refugees, the biggest group for three decades, have fallen to second place, with 2.6 million hosted by Pakistan and Iran at mid-year, it said. Somalis ranked as the third largest refugee group at 1.1 million.
Syria's neighbors - Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan and Turkey - continue to bear the brunt of the crisis.
"With 257 refugees per 1,000 inhabitants, Lebanon remains the country with the highest refugee density at mid-2014," UNHCR said, noting that Jordan ranked second.
Sweden, with 12 refugees per 1,000 inhabitants, is the only industrialized country among major hosts, ranking 10th, it said.
Syrians also formed the largest group of asylum-seekers worldwide during the first half of 2014, lodging 59,600 applications, it said. Germany and Sweden together received 40 percent of these claims, it added.
Iraqis fleeing conflict were the second largest group of asylum-seekers during the period, at 28,900, the report said.
Last year nearly 3,500 migrants perished while trying to cross the Mediterranean to reach Europe, the UNHCR says. - with agencies.

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