This is how the war was documented in the IDF's Operations Room:
On the first day of the war, June 5 at 9:30 am, the decision was made to take over the Gaza Strip, and the log showed this decision was made following the bombardments in the Strip. Also on the Egyptian front - at 11:05 am, the Israel Air Force summed up its strikes against the Egyptian Air Force: So far, at least 180 planes were hit. It was this move that ensured Israel's aerial supremacy.
On the Syrian front, it appeared that the alliance between Damascus and Moscow has always concerned Israel. "At 11:05, in a meeting with the defense minister, it was agreed we should not touch Syria because of the Soviet Union's position," it was written in the operations log. "It was agreed that as long as they (the Syrians) don't act, it would be better to come out 'without a scratch.'"
The most interesting front, however, was the Jordanian front - including Jerusalem. On June 6, a meeting took place in the morning hours in which then-defense minister Dayan determined that "during the takeover of the West Bank, we must open the Jaffa and Damascus gates and leave them open - but entering the Old City is prohibited."
Then-IDF chief Rabin (right) with then-defense minister Dayan (second to the right), then-GOC Central Command Uzi Narkiss and then-chief of the Operations Directorate Rehavam Ze'evi in Jerusalem (Photo: IDF Archive)The next day, June 7 at 1 am, the defense minister stressed that the first priority on the Jordanian front was capturing Jerusalem. At 6 am, the order was given to the GOC Central Command to "first get Jerusalem, this is more important than anything else." At 7:35 am, the defense minister reiterated: "Jerusalem - make every effort, go in at any cost. With the exception of the Holy Sepulchre and the (Al-Aqsa) Mosque, use air power as well." At 9:14 am, the Operations Directorate authorizes air assistance to the Old City.
IDF troops praying in the run-up to the war (Photo: IDF Archive)Then, shortly thereafter: "At 10:08, we received the news that the Temple Mount was in our hands and that our troops were next to the Western Wall. There and then the defense minister instructed not to go near the mosques." At 10:30 am, the order was given to open the Old City's gates - the Damascus Gate, the Jaffa Gate and the Zion Gate. The IAF commander also received orders not to bomb the Jordanian capital Amman without the authorization of the chief of staff, who, according to the operations log, arrived in Jerusalem at 1 pm with the defense minister. Among the pages of the log it is clear the issue of the Palestinians was already worrying the heads of state and military.
On June 9, the news of another front being taken arrived from the GOC Central Command: "I am happy to inform you that all of our troops are now at the banks of the Suez Canal and Yam Suph (the Red Sea), the Sinai Peninsula is in our hands. Congratulations to you and the entire Israel Defense Force."